Liver Cirrhosis

Liver cirrhosis is a form of liver damage that occurs due to scarring of the liver tissues. In this, as the healthy tissues are replaced by the scarred tissues, the ability of the liver to function declines leading to a range of complications. Just like other liver disorders, liver cirrhosis goes undetected in the preliminary stages but as it progresses, symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, fluid retention, etc manifest.

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What is Liver Cirrhosis?

As liver cirrhosis advances, it gives rise to a myriad of complications that significantly impact the overall health of an individual. Advanced cirrhosis can affect the liver function which in turn can cause hypertension, affect blood clotting and increase bleeding tendency. Other than this, a crucial function of the liver is to filter blood coming from the digestive tract before passing it to the rest of the body. In the case of cirrhosis, this vital function is compromised, leading to various complications.

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Common causes of liver cirrhosis

Alcohol induced hepatitis: Alcohol is the most well-known cause of cirrhosis as it has the ability to chronically damage the liver tissues.

Non-alcohol induced hepatitis: This happens as a result of excess fat storage in the liver due to metabolic factors such as high lipid in blood, blood sugar and pressure.

Hepatitis C infection: This infection gets chronic in most people as they often do not realise that they are infected. It is curable.

Hepatitis B infection: It occurs in very few people but once infected, it stays for life. It is treatable but cannot be completely cured.

Biliary cirrhosis: Conditions that affect the bile ducts, such as primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) or primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), can result in cirrhosis by impairing the flow of bile from the liver.

Cystic fibrosis: This genetic disorder can cause the formation of thick mucus that can block the bile ducts, leading to liver damage and cirrhosis.

Cryptogenic cirrhosis: In some cases, the exact cause of cirrhosis may not be identified, and it is referred to as cryptogenic cirrhosis. This highlights the complexity of liver diseases and the need holistic approach of treatment

Other causes of Liver Cirrhosis

Autoimmune hepatitis

In this condition, the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the liver cells, leading to inflammation and, over time, scarring of the liver tissue.

Genetic disorders

Certain genetic conditions, such as hemochromatosis (excessive iron accumulation in the liver), Wilson's disease (abnormal copper metabolism), and alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, can predispose individuals to liver cirrhosis.

Prescription medications and toxins

Prolonged exposure to certain drugs, toxins, or environmental pollutants can contribute to liver damage and cirrhosis.

Hemodynamic disorders

Conditions that affect blood flow to the liver, such as congestive heart failure, can contribute to cirrhosis by causing congestion in the liver blood vessels.

Symptoms of liver cirrhosis

Fatigue: Persistent fatigue and weakness are common symptoms as the liver's ability to store and release energy is compromised.

Swelling: Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascites) and legs (peripheral edema) due to impaired liver function and changes in blood flow.

Bruising and Easy Bleeding: The liver plays a crucial role in blood clotting. Cirrhosis can lead to a deficiency in clotting factors, resulting in easy bruising and prolonged bleeding.

Confusion and Memory Issues: Hepatic encephalopathy, a condition where toxins build up in the brain due to the liver's inability to process them, can lead to confusion, memory problems, and difficulty concentrating.

Spider Angiomas: Small, spider-like blood vessels visible on the skin, particularly on the upper body and face.

Dark Urine: The urine may appear darker than usual due to the presence of bilirubin, a substance produced by the liver.

Pale Stools: Stools may become lighter in color due to the absence of bilirubin, which normally gives feces its brown color.

Nausea and Vomiting: Impaired liver function can lead to digestive issues, including nausea and vomiting.

Loss of Appetite: A diminished appetite is common as the liver's role in processing nutrients is compromised.

Abdominal Pain: Discomfort or pain in the upper right side of the abdomen may occur as the liver becomes enlarged and inflamed.

Weakness and Muscle Wasting: Reduced muscle mass and weakness can result from the body's inability to process nutrients effectively.

Increased Sensitivity to Medications: The liver metabolizes medications, and cirrhosis can alter drug metabolism, leading to increased sensitivity or adverse reactions.

How can one protect the liver from cirrhosis?

Stay Hydrated: Drink enough water to flush out toxins and support liver function.

Limit Processed Foods: Cut back on processed and fried foods to avoid harmful additives and trans fats.

Control Weight: Maintain a healthy weight to reduce the risk of liver disease.

Manage Diabetes: Keep diabetes in check to prevent potential liver damage.

Avoid Excessive Medications: Follow doctor's recommendations and avoid overusing medications.

Practice Safe Sex: Prevent hepatitis B and C by practicing safe sex and avoiding needle sharing.

Limit Salt Intake: Watch sodium intake to reduce fluid retention and liver complications.

Quit Smoking: Quitting smoking reduces the risk of liver disease.

Consume Alcohol Moderately: If you drink, do so in moderation to prevent cirrhosis.

Protect Against Hepatitis: Get vaccinated for hepatitis A and B.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Liver Cirrhosis

Ayurvedic treatment for liver cirrhosis, by SRIAAS, emphasizes a holistic approach to restore liver health and heal body completely. The primary goal is to detoxify the liver and rejuvenate its cells using a combination of herbal remedies, dietary modifications, and lifestyle changes. SRIAAS uses a holistic approach in treatment that are aimed at reducing inflammation, promoting liver cell regeneration, and enhancing overall liver function.

In addition to herbal ayurvedic medicines, personalized dietary modifications form a crucial aspect of Ayurvedic treatment of liver. SRIAAS emphasizes a liver-friendly diet that includes easily digestible foods, such as vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. Avoidance of alcohol, spicy foods, and processed items is crucial to prevent further damage. Lifestyle modifications, including stress management through practices like yoga and meditation, play an integral role in supporting the liver's natural healing process. SRIAAS’s Ayurvedic approach aims to not only alleviate symptoms but also address the root cause, promoting long-term liver health and overall well-being.

FAQs about liver cirrhosis
1 Can the liver fully recover from cirrhosis?

Since cirrhosis is chronic liver damage, curing it completely definitely requires a lot of time and effort. However, you should remember that it is definitely possible.

2 Can I live a normal life with liver cirrhosis?

The steps taken to manage the condition decides this. If one gets treated well and takes good care of his/her lifestyle and diet, then a normal life is possible. Along with this, the genetic predisposition and the body type of the individual also matters.

3 What happens if liver cirrhosis is not treated?

If not treated, liver cirrhosis leads to liver failure. This impairs all the vital functions of the body causing severe damage to our whole system. It can cause bleeding of the oesophagus and the stomach and also cause fluid build-up in the abdomen.