The thyroid is an important hormone gland that plays a vital role in the growth, development, and metabolism of the human body. It is located in the front of the neck and has a butterfly-like shape. The gland produces two hormones, thyroxine (T-4) and triiodothyronine (T-3), which affect every cell in the body. When the thyroid is not working correctly, it can cause health issues that impact the entire body.

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What is a thyroid?

The thyroid, also known as the glandular thyreoidea, typically weighs between 20-60 grams. It is enclosed by two fibrous capsules, with the outer capsule being connected to the voice box along with numerous nerves and vessels. The space between the inner and outer capsules is filled with loose connective tissue, allowing the thyroid to move and change position during swallowing.

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The thyroid gland is made up of small individual lobules that are surrounded by thin connective tissue layers. These lobules contain follicles, which are small vehicles that store thyroid hormones in the form of droplets. The thyroid gland produces three hormones: triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4) and calcitonin.

What are the common causes of thyroid?

There are two main types of thyroid disease: hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism


It happens when the thyroid glands makes too much hormone, this condition is also called as overactive thyroid.


When the thyroid gland doesn’t make enough thyroid hormones to meet your body needs. It is also known as an underactive thyroid.

What are the symptoms of thyroid?

Symptoms of an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) can include:

  • Anxiety and irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Weight loss
  • Enlarged thyroid gland
  • Muscle weakness and tremors
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Eye irritation or vision problems

Symptoms of an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) can include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Weight gain
  • Heavy menstrual cycle
  • Dry and coarse hair
  • Hoarse voice
  • Intolerance to cold temperatures
What is the treatment for thyroid according to Ayurveda?

Maintaining healthy thyroid levels is important for overall well-being, and Ayurveda offers several healthcare tips and medications to achieve this. According to Ayurveda, an imbalance in pitta can cause thyroid problems, leading to various symptoms such as sensitivity to cold, dry skin, constipation, anorexia, angina pain, anemia, and menstrual irregularities. Ayurvedic treatment focuses on addressing the root cause of the problem through natural remedies such as customized herbal medicines, detoxification of the body using Panchakarma, and providing diet and lifestyle advice. By following these methods, one can maintain healthy thyroid levels in the long run.


Thyroid issues in Ayurveda are linked to imbalances in the body's doshas, which are fundamental energies that control various physiological and psychological functions.

Here's how Ayurveda can help with thyroid problems:

  • According to Ayurvedic practitioners, an imbalance in the doshas can directly contribute to thyroid problems. In order to identify such imbalances, they thoroughly assess your overall constitution (Prakriti) and current doshic imbalance (Vikriti) using a variety of methods, including pulse diagnosis and tongue examination. Through these techniques, they confidently determine the root cause of your thyroid issues, giving them a clearer understanding of how to effectively treat your condition.
  • Ayurveda places a strong emphasis on diet and nutrition, and an Ayurvedic practitioner can confidently recommend specific dietary changes to balance your doshas and support thyroid health based on your doshic imbalance. For instance, for hypothyroidism, individuals may be advised to add foods that stimulate the thyroid gland, such as seaweed and iodized salt, while for hyperthyroidism, a cooling diet may be recommended to pacify excess heat.
  • Ayurveda confidently relies on a diverse range of herbs and herbal formulations to effectively support thyroid function. With the potent properties of Ashwagandha, Guggulu, and Triphala, Ayurvedic practitioners confidently recommend these herbs to balance the thyroid and promote overall well-being.
  • Yoga and pranayama are not just recommended, but rather essential components of Ayurvedic therapy in managing thyroid disorders. These practices have been proven to effectively reduce stress, improve circulation, and balance the body's energies.
  • Ayurveda is highly effective in managing thyroid issues through lifestyle modifications that help balance the body and mind. By prioritizing adequate sleep, stress management through meditation, and maintaining a consistent daily routine, individuals can take charge of their thyroid health.
  • Ayurvedic practitioners frequently recommend Panchakarma therapies as an effective detoxification treatment to eliminate accumulated toxins from the body and boost thyroid health.
  • With Ayurvedic treatment for thyroid issues, you can be confident in a highly personalized approach that considers your unique constitution and imbalances, resulting in a tailored treatment plan to meet your specific needs.