Treatment of 50% of CKD depends on their diet. Therefore, a diet plays a crucial role in the recovery of chronic kidney disease patients. A healthy Chronic Kidney Disease diet controls waste and toxins in the body, such as creatinine, urea, sodium, potassium, and phosphorus. So in this article, you will know what type of diet should be given to the patient with kidney failure. Not only that, but you will also learn about how a kidney-friendly diet helps to protect the kidneys from further damage.

The diet of each kidney patient depends on how well their kidney is functioning and the type of kidney disease they have. There are different kidney diseases such as chronic kidney disease, acute kidney disease, and nephrotic syndrome. The causes of kidney disease vary from one patient to another. CKD is a long-term kidney disease. AKD causes spontaneous deteriorating of kidneys failing the kidney filtration process. Whereas, Nephrotic Syndrome is a group of symptoms that collectively affects the kidney’s functioning. Therefore, the diet of kidney patients depends on the type of renal disease.

Chronic Kidney Disease diet:

A kidney patient can control many complications with the help of the best chronic kidney disease diet. A healthy diet plays a 50% role in the treatment of kidney disease. A person with CKD needs to avoid foods high in sodium, potassium, and phosphorus and limit the amount of fluid in the body. Therefore, you need to consult a dietician for a chronic renal diet to determine the best diet based on kidney function.

Dr. Puru Dhawan is the Best Kidney doctor in Delhi provides the best kidney treatment, including a personalized diet and curated therapies like acupressure & acupuncture as per the patient’s body needs. The plant-based treatment helps patients recover from renal complications without any side effects.

What nutrients should be restricted in the Chronic Kidney Disease Diet?

The diet for such a disease is prepared after analyzing a kidney patient’s physical condition and reports. However, the presented CKD diet is hypothetical and recommended for general understanding. 

To know about the personalized diet for kidney patients, reach out to the best kidney clinic in Delhi and the best kidney doctor Dr. Puru Dhawan. 

 

The diet for CKD patients consists of:

diet for ckd_www.sriaas.com

 

Sodium:  Sodium is something that the body does not produce on its own, like creatinine, so we need to have it through the food we consume in a day. If the sodium level in a chronic kidney disease diet increases, it can cause high blood pressure. Therefore, to control the blood pressure and the amount of sodium in the body, we have to reduce salt consumption. Patients with renal failure are advised to take sodium-enriched food after consulting with the nephrologist & dietitian to boost kidney functioning. 

General dosage recommended:- Less than 2,000 mg per day.

Potassium: High potassium is more dangerous than having high creatinine. When the potassium level increases, it can lead to a heart attack in a kidney failure patient.

Even though potassium provides the power to move muscles, it should be adjusted in specific amounts for patients in a chronic kidney disease diet. Potassium is present in every food we eat, so we have to choose food with low potassium.

General dosage recommended:- Less than 2,000 mg per day.

 

Phosphorus: When it comes to filtering out excess phosphorus, damaged kidneys cannot remove it. Henceforth it causes damage to the body and weakened bones. So in a chronic kidney disease diet, it will help if the amount of phosphorus is kept limited.

General dosage recommended:- Less than 800-1,000 mg.

 

Protein: Our body is made of protein as it builds muscle, repairs tissue, and fights infection, so it is prominent that protein intake is essential, but the amount of protein should be based on your body size or your kidney problem.

Excessive amounts of protein in a chronic kidney disease diet can cause toxins to build up in the blood, and kidneys won’t be able to filter it out. However, we cannot stop the protein intake as it is needed to provide energy for functioning. 

General dosage recommended:- Less than 0.8 grams per kilogram of your ideal body weight.

 

What foods should be avoided in a chronic kidney disease diet?

  1. Juice: At Sriaas Kidney Hospital, the best kidney clinic near me advises patients to avoid orange juice in their chronic kidney disease diet, as one cup of orange juice contains 473 milligrams of potassium. Therefore the patient can take a grape, apple, and cranberry juice instead of orange juice. Patients should also avoid soft drinks or soda as these may increase the risk of kidney damage.

 

  1. Jaggery: Jaggery increases potassium in the blood, which further leads to itching, and a level above 7 increases the risk of a heart attack. In addition, excessive consumption of jaggery can further increase the complications of chronic kidney diseases.

 

  1. Root and Leafy Vegetables: Chronic kidney disease patients should avoid root and leafy vegetables for the following reasons:
  1. They carry a lot of potassium.
  2. They can also cause kidney stones.
  3. Hypertension.
  4. Unbalanced levels of Blood Creatinine

 

  1. Sodium Salt: Too much salt intake can cause high blood pressure (normal blood pressure = 120/80 mmHg) and increase the amount of fluid in the body.

 

  1. Frozen Food: Processed and frozen food is avoided in the chronic kidney disease diet as it damages the kidneys and other organs of the body.

 

  1. Protein: Chronic kidney patients should focus on the amount of protein intake in the diet. Because the higher amount of protein intake can cause waste to build up in the bloodstream.

 

  1. Salt: It increases sodium levels in the body and affects blood pressure. So patients are advised to take a pinch of Himalayan salt in every meal to maintain the sodium level in the body.

 

What can a person with chronic kidney disease eat?

 

Red bell peppers: 

It is high in flavor and low in potassium; it is tasty and excellent for vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B6, folic acid, and fiber. So that is the reason that bell peppers are the perfect food for patients with chronic kidney disease.

Amount -1/2 cup 

Sodium-1 mg

Potassium-88 mg 

phosphorus-10 mg

Cauliflower:

Cauliflower is a food that is high in vitamin C and is a good source of folate and fiber. In addition, it is a compound that helps the liver neutralize toxic substances that could damage cell membranes and DNA.

Amount -1/2 cup 

Sodium- 9 mg

Potassium-88 mg 

phosphorus-20 mg

Garlic:

Garlic helps to reduce inflammation and lower down cholesterol. It also prevents plaque from forming in your teeth.

Amount -1 clove garlic 

Sodium- 1 mg

Potassium-12 mg 

phosphorus-4 mg

Onions:

Onion is a primary flavor in many cooked dishes as it contains sulfur. In addition, it is low in potassium and a good source of minerals that help with carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism.

Amount -1/2 cup 

Sodium- 3 mg

Potassium-116 mg 

phosphorus-3 mg

Egg whites:

It provides the highest quality of pure protein with all the essential amino acids. For patients with chronic kidney disease, egg white is a good source of food that provides protein with less phosphorus.

Amount -2 egg whites

Sodium- 110 mg

Potassium-108 mg 

Phosphorus-10 mg

Fish: 

Fish provides an anti-inflammatory fat that is called omega-3s with high-quality protein and less sodium.

Amount -3 ounces wild salmon

Sodium- 50 mg

Potassium-368 mg 

phosphorus- 274 mg

Olive oil: 

Olive oil is an anti-inflammatory fatty acid. It is rich in antioxidant compounds that prevent inflammation and oxidation. 

Amount -1 tablespoon 

Sodium- less than 1 mg

Potassium- less than 1 mg 

phosphorus-0 mg

Apples: 

Apple is high in fiber and anti-inflammatory compounds or also known to reduce cholesterol and prevent constipation.

Amount -1 medium apple

Sodium- 1 mg

Potassium- 158 mg  

phosphorus-10 mg

Cranberries: 

Amount -1/2 cup

Sodium- 3 mg

Potassium- 22 mg 

phosphorus-3 mg

Blueberries:

Amount -1/2 cup  

Sodium- 4 mg

Potassium- 65 mg 

phosphorus-7 mg

 

Raspberries

Amount -1/2 cup

Sodium- 0 mg

Potassium- 93 mg 

phosphorus-7 mg

Strawberries: 

Amount -5 medium

Sodium- 1 mg

Potassium- 120 mg 

phosphorus-13 mg

Cherries:

Amount -1/2 cup 

Sodium- 0 mg

Potassium- 160 mg 

phosphorus-15 mg

Red grapes: 

Amount -1/2 cup 

Sodium- 1 mg

Potassium- 88 mg

phosphorus-4 mg 

Amount of fluid to take in chronic kidney disease diet

Fluids or liquids should be kept at room temperatures, such as water, tea, milk, and ice cream. As for food, the amount of fluid intake also depends on the type of kidney disease patient. 

 

Different types of kidney disease patients are:-

     1.No dialysis:– 1500 ml of fluid in a day.

  1. Dialysis with reduced urine output:– 1500 ml of fluid in a day.
  1. Dialysis with no urine output:– The fluid limit is 1000ml

 

Excess intake of water can cause high blood pressure and increased pulse rate. So that renal patient needs to limit the amount of fluid intake. But, on the other hand, if a patient takes a large amount of water, it will cause fluid accumulation and swelling around the legs.

 

Note:- Patient can take 50ml of water at a time.

 

Conclusion:-

At the best kidney clinic in Delhi, Dr. Puru Dhawan- The best kidney doctors near me provide the best ayurvedic kidney treatment to patients suffering from chronic kidney disease. There are different stages of a chronic kidney, and each stage shows how well the kidney is functioning, so at SRIAAS, we present kidney functioning with the help of a customized diet chart in the form of plant-based seeds and diet. So work to make it better. Plays 50% role in Ayurvedic kidney treatment.

The doctors at SRIAAS treat kidney function with KFRT (Kidney Function Restoration Treatment) to improve eGFR.

 

Disclaimer:

This diet chart is provided only for general information to the reader. But if any patient is suffering from chronic kidney disease, our advice would be to take proper consultation from nephrologists or dieticians.

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Dr. Puru Dhawan B.A.M.S (University of Delhi)

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