Seizure disorder, also referred to as epilepsy. It is a condition of the brain that leads to recurring seizures. In the United States, an estimated 1.2% of people have active epilepsy, and it can affect individuals of all genders and ages. Symptoms of epilepsy can differ from person to person, with some individuals experiencing a loss of awareness, while others do not. Some people may stare blankly for a few seconds, and others may have repetitive arm or leg movements, known as convulsions.

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What is epilepsy?

It is a chronic, non-communicable neurological disease that affects 50 million people worldwide. Seizures occur frequently, which are short bouts of involuntary movements that may affect one part of the body (partial) or the entire body (generalized) and can cause loss of consciousness and control of bowel and bladder movements.

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During seizure episodes, a group of brain cells undergo excessive electrical discharges. Such discharges can occur in different parts of the brain. It is not uncommon for people to have only one seizure throughout their lifetime (up to 10% of people worldwide will have one seizure). Two or more unprovoked seizures constitute epilepsy.

What are the most common causes of epilepsy?

Brain Abnormalities

Structural abnormalitiesin the brain, such as brain tumors, cysts, or malformations, can lead to epilepsy. Brain injuries from trauma, strokes, or infections can also increase the risk of seizures.


Drug withdrawal

Withdrawal from certain substances, such as alcohol or drugs, can cause seizures, especially if the person is addicted to those substances.


Uncontrolled or excessive doses of some medications can lower the seizure threshold and lead to seizures


Metabolic Disorders

Some metabolic disorders, such as phenylketonuria (PKU) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), can trigger seizures.

What are the symptoms of epilepsy or seizure ?
  • Staring
  • Jerking movements of the arms and legs
  • Stiffening of the body
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Breathing problems or breathing stops
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control
  • Falling suddenly for no apparent reason, especially when associated with loss of consciousness
  • Not responding to noise or words for brief periods
  • Appearing confused or in a haze
  • Nodding the head rhythmically, when associated with loss of awareness or even loss of consciousness
  • Periods of rapid eye blinking and staring
What are the warning signs of seizure?

Prior to the onset of a seizure, individuals with focal seizures may experience warning signs known as aura. These warning signs can take on various forms such as a feeling in the stomach, emotions like fear, déjà vu, a taste, a smell or even visual cues such as flashing lights, colors, or shapes. Additionally, some people may experience dizziness, loss of balance, or hallucinations. Seizures are classified as either focal or generalized, based on where and how the brain activity causing the seizure originates. Focal seizures occur when the seizure is caused by activity in only one area of the brain.

Here are some common Ayurvedic treatments for epilepsy
  • Maintaining a balanced diet is crucial in Ayurveda. To achieve this, it is recommended to avoid triggers like processed foods, excessive caffeine, and alcohol. In certain cases, a ketogenic diet may be recommended to control seizures. This type of diet is high in fat, low in carbohydrates, and includes an adequate amount of protein.
  • Ayurvedic herbs such as Brahmi (Bacopamonnieri), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), and Jatamansi (Nardostachysjatamansi) may be used to improve neurological health. Ashwagandha (Withaniasomnifera) is known for its stress-reducing properties and may help in epilepsy management.
  • Panchakarma is a detoxification process in Ayurveda that helps remove toxins from the body. It may be recommended to address imbalances in the doshas and improve overall health.
  • Yoga and meditation can help reduce stress and promote relaxation, which is beneficial for individuals with epilepsy.
  • Controlled breathing exercises, or pranayama, can help balance the body's energy and calm the mind.
  • Ayurveda emphasizes a healthy daily routine (dinacharya) to promote overall well-being. This includes adequate sleep, regular exercise, and stress management.
  • Depending on the individual's doshic constitution and the specific type of epilepsy, Ayurvedic practitioners may recommend treatments such as Shirodhara (a continuous stream of medicated oil on the forehead), Nasya (nasal administration of herbal oils), and Abhyanga (oil massage).