Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is a disease in which the body excretes too much protein in the urine. It occurs when the small blood vessels get damaged which helps to filter waste and excess water from the blood. Usually, this kidney disorder is seen in children. In this disease, protein is excreted through urine which leads to a deficiency of protein in the body. It also increases cholesterol and fat in the body. There is high cholesterol and low protein in the blood of a patient. Kidneys are made up of nephrons and contain glomerulus which works as the filtration unit in the kidneys. 


If a person takes steroids for a long time, then it can prove to be very harmful because it also increases the risk of other diseases and affects other parts of the body. It is a kidney disease, which is most commonly seen in young children. Although adults can also be a victim of it, most Nephrotic Syndrome occurs in children between 2 years and 6 years. 


Cause of Nephrotic Syndrome


Nephrotic Syndrome is the collection of symptoms caused by damage to the clusters of glomeruli of your kidneys.


The kidneys’ functioning is to keep the blood free from wastes, toxins, unnecessary minerals, and wastes. Healthy glomeruli keep albumin (a type of blood protein) needed to maintain the balance of fluid in your body from sweeping with your urine.


Following are the major causes of Nephrotic Syndrome:


  • Diabetes

  • Minimal change disease

  • Glomerulosclerosis

  • Membranous nephropathy

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

  • Amyloidosis

  • Blood clot in a kidney vein


It is not that right to consider changes in diet or medicines responsible for this disease. 90% of the patients of this disease are children in which no definite cause of the Nephrotic disease is found.


Protein is the building block of our body and deficiency of protein slows down the growth of the child. In Nephrotic Syndrome, neurons are affected and they become inflamed, due to which it is also called minimal change disease.


Steroids are anti-inflammatory but should be avoided by the patient as it affects other parts of the body and patients cannot survive on steroids for a long time. Steroids have other side effects such as weight gain and diabetes.


The side effect of Steroids

  • It can cause indigestion or heartburn.

  • Increased appetite lead to weight gain

  • Difficulty in sleeping 

  • Feeling irritable or anxious

  • Risks of infections – like chickenpox, shingles, and measles

  • Osteoporosis (weakening of the bones)

  • Blood pressure increase


Risk of Nephrotic Syndrome 

In Nephrotic Syndrome, due to enlargement of kidney sieve-like holes, excess water, and excretory substances as well as essential proteins of the body are also excreted with urine, which reduces the amount of protein in the body and causes swelling in the body. 


In an easy way, it can be said that the kidney acts as a filter in the body, through which the unnecessary excretory substances of the body, excess water, come out through urine.


There is a decrease or increase in swelling in the patient’s body according to the amount of protein in the urine. Even after inflammation in Nephrotic Syndrome, the ability of the kidney to remove unnecessary substances remains the same, that is, the chances of kidney failure are very less.


Anyone can get caught by Nephrotic Syndrome, but few people are at a bigger risk of getting caught by Nephrotic Syndrome. 


Medical conditions can damage your kidneys. 

Diabetes, lupus, amyloidosis, and other kidney diseases increase your risk of developing Nephrotic Syndromes.


Certain medications. 

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs used to fight infections can cause Nephrotic Syndrome.


Certain infections

Examples of infections that increase Nephrotic Syndrome risk include HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and malaria.


Symptoms of Nephrotic Syndrome


1. Protein loss

During protein loss, the most visible symptom is frothy or bubbly urine. Your glomeruli keep protein in the body. Protein leaks into the urine, When they are damaged. Generally, Healthy kidneys allow less than 1 gram of protein to spill into the urine in a day. The glomeruli let 3 grams or more of protein leak into the urine during 24 hours in Nephrotic Syndrome.


2. Swelling in the body

During Nephrotic Syndrome, swelling under the eyes, swelling in the hands and feet also starts appearing, which should not be ignored at all because ignoring it can put you in trouble for a long time.


3. High cholesterol in the body

When protein leaks through the urine, the protein levels in the blood drop. The liver makes more protein to make up for the low levels in the blood. At the same time, the liver makes more cholesterol. Most of the time children may need treatment with medications to lower blood cholesterol levels.


4. Low protein in the blood

A medical sign in which the level of albumin in the blood is low is also known as Hypoalbuminemia.

The Possible Complications


Possible complications of Nephrotic Syndrome include:


  • Blood clots

  • High blood cholesterol and elevated blood triglycerides

  • Poor nutrition

  • High blood pressure

  • Acute kidney failure

  • Chronic kidney disease

  • Infections. 




A patient of Nephrotic Syndrome must take a proper and healthy diet as it helps to cure the disease and to do the same a patient must take care of the following tips:


1. A patient must reduce protein intake but as we all know that protein is important for every individual. So, a patient can take Mung beans. 


2. Patients must limit salt intake. Excess protein intake increases the risk of a heart attack. so, 


It is advised to take Himalayan pink salt or rock salt. If not treated on time, inflammation can convert into chronic and further result in kidney shrinkage.



In patients who have inflammation in the body, the first step is to diagnose Nephrotic Syndrome. Or it should be confirmed by laboratory tests.


1. Urine Test :

Excess protein in the urine is the most important sign of the diagnosis of Nephrotic Syndrome. The absence of white particles, blood cells, or blood in the urine is an important sign of the diagnosis of this disease. The total amount of protein that goes into the urine in 24 hours is more than 3 grams.


The amount of protein that has been reduced from the body in 24 hours can be estimated by collecting urine for 24 hours. These tests provide an accurate measure of the amount of protein loss. These tests show whether the loss of protein is mild, moderate, or heavy. Apart from its diagnosis, it can also be known how much the disease has improved after treatment by testing the possible protein in the urine for 24 hours. It is very useful to keep an eye on it for treatment.


Testing of urine is not only important for the diagnosis of the disease, but it is also very important for the treatment and regulation of the disease. If the protein in the urine stops, it indicates the success of the treatment.


2. Blood Test :

In most patients, hemoglobin, white cell count, etc., are checked as needed.


What is the Ayurvedic treatment for Nephrotic Syndrome?

There is no treatment for Nephrotic Syndrome in allopathy. It can be reduced but cannot be pulled off from the body, but there is a treatment in Ayurveda. Ayurvedic treatment is not a difficult procedure to follow. It gives complete relief from the diseases.


Ayurveda hails from India. It is an ancient practice of curing even chronic diseases of the roots. 

Ayurvedic treatment for Nephrotic Syndrome relies on three rules:

A healthy daily routine or the Dincharya

A healthy diet, 


A healthy lifestyle

The modern practices of Ayurveda are revolutionizing the way people look at kidney diseases. Where kidney transplants & dialysis are taking the breath and money of people, ayurvedic treatment for Nephrotic Syndrome is sighing relief. 


“The great thing about Ayurveda is that its treatments always yield side benefits, not side effects.”

                 – Shubhra Krishnan


What are the precautions to be taken when taking the ayurvedic treatment for Nephrotic Syndrome?


There are no such bars, but you should:


  • Avoid frozen, spicy, oily, Processed food.

  • Drink plenty of water; 

  • Avoid soft drinks, alcohol, and smoking

  • Apply ghee/mustard oil on your lips and navel; it will keep your skin soft and activated internal organs of the body

  • Exercise often

  • Drink Green tea instead of coffee and normal tea

  • Intake of protein that is easily digestible like Mung beans because it is a good source of protein and easily digestible.

  • Try to stop the urine loss  


Kindly Attention Here

In this article, we have mentioned the cause, symptoms, and effects of Nephrotic Syndrome. But here, we need to understand that everyone has different symptoms. So before following any advice, we will suggest that they consult first with the doctor about their condition because The disease of Nephrotic Syndrome can affect a person for a long time if proper treatment is not done.


About Us

SRIAAS under the guidance of Dr. Puru Dhawan (BAMS) has successfully treated thousands of patients suffering from Nephrotic Syndrome diseases all over the world. We provide Ayurveda treatment that helps protect your body from further damage. At the very same time, you’ll have to make sure that you get the right amount to prevent it from getting worse.


Patients can take a free consultation with our doctor. We will be blessed to save one more kidney. 

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